When the Arab-Israeli conflict broke out in 1967, the Palestinians claimed the territories they were given as part of the 1948 Nakba, and a Jewish state was created in the West Bank and Gaza.
The US backed the Palestinians and their allies, the Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO) and the Arab Liberation Front (ALF), in their struggle against the Israeli army.
But for the majority of Palestinians, who still live under occupation and Israeli colonial control, the Arab and Islamic world are the main sources of religion and belief.
Arab Christians have been targeted in the most recent wave of violence in Israel, and there are concerns that the current wave could spread to the Muslim world.
The Muslim world is also divided between those who see religion as a universal and universalist concept and those who consider it a separate and distinct religion, and the religious communities themselves have long had their own divisions over their place in the larger world.
As a result, the two largest religions in the world have different definitions of what religion is and how to interpret it.
In recent decades, a number of influential figures have begun to discuss the role of religion in political, social, and cultural life.
The debate is now playing out in a new arena.
The Arab-Islamic world The Muslim-majority world has had its own religious controversies in recent years, including a debate about the role Islam plays in world affairs.
Some countries have called for a complete return to the Islamic calendar, or even an Islamic state.
Many Muslim countries have also tried to define themselves as a secular state, which is more secular than what the West has traditionally thought of itself as.
For example, in the Middle East, there is a strong desire for more autonomy and the right to define one’s own identity through a combination of nationalism and Islam.
Some Muslim countries, such as Saudi Arabia, have also begun to implement laws against blasphemy.
The political debate is also playing out over the role religion has in shaping public life in Muslim countries.
A large number of Muslim countries do not recognize the authority of the Islamic state, as has been the case in many countries, but rather, the government or religious authorities must adhere to the interpretation of Islamic law.
The same holds true in countries such as the United Arab Emirates, which has adopted Islamic law as its legal system, and in Egypt, where the country’s new constitution provides for the Muslim Brotherhood as a legal party and its parliamentarians are appointed by it.
This is in contrast to the rule of the West, which does not allow for the independence of Muslim authorities, and has seen Muslim governments increasingly act as intermediaries between the Muslim and secular political systems in their countries.
The role of religious authority and interpretation In some countries, the debate over the use of religion is also about the religious authority that religious authorities in Muslim states should exercise.
In Saudi Arabia and Egypt, for example, the Saudi government has set a high bar for what is considered acceptable in the interpretation and practice of religion.
The ruling Al Saud family, which controls much of the country, has been accused of marginalizing and insulting Islam in order to control the religious landscape of the nation.
The government has even threatened to prosecute members of the Al Saud clan if they criticize it, saying that if the clan is not in line with its interpretation of Islam, they will be put in jail.
The Al Sauds have also used the threat of jail as an excuse to prosecute those who criticize the government, including women who wear traditional dress or the Muslim Prophet Mohammad.
While the Saudi regime does not actively encourage the interpretation or practice of Islam as a religion, it has seen its influence grow, especially among the young generation, as a result of the growing awareness of the need to define a better vision for the country.
Egypt is also facing criticism for its use of Islamic interpretations to enforce its conservative, and sometimes repressive, Islamic values.
In a move that was seen as an attempt to enforce a new interpretation of Sharia law, the Egyptian government recently introduced a new law that allows for the prosecution of anyone who uses the term “sharia” in a way that is derogatory to the state or the government.
While there are legitimate arguments to be made for and against the use or misuse of religion to regulate society, the increasing use of religious interpretations by governments in the Muslim-dominated region has also been viewed by some as a form of “cultural imperialism” that threatens the countrys secular identity and undermines the national security of the state.
The recent wave The current wave of Palestinian violence is likely to be seen by some Muslims in the Arab world as a continuation of a cycle of religious conflicts that began with the Arab Spring in 2011.
A number of scholars, commentators, and activists have expressed concern that the violence in Gaza has the potential to spread further, especially in the wake of the death of US-based journalist James Foley.
Foley, who was kidnapped in Syria in 2014, was beheaded for revealing a US drone strike on a funeral procession in Iraq. In January